### A derivative array approach for linear second order differential-algebraic systems.

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The question how the classical definition of the Smith zeros of an LTI continuous-time singular control system can be generalized and related to state-space methods is discussed. The zeros are defined as those complex numbers for which there exists a zero direction with a nonzero state-zero direction. Such a definition allows an infinite number of zeros (then the system is called degenerate). A sufficient and necessary condition for nondegeneracy is formulated. Moreover, some characterization of...

An alternative approach for the analysis and the numerical approximation of ODEs, using a variational framework, is presented. It is based on the natural and elementary idea of minimizing the residual of the differential equation measured in a usual Lp norm. Typical existence results for Cauchy problems can thus be recovered, and finer sets of assumptions for existence are made explicit. We treat, in particular, the cases of an explicit ODE and a differential inclusion. This approach also allows...

A Banach algebra homomorphism on the convolution algebra of integrable functions is the essence of Kisyński's equivalent formulation of the Hille-Yosida theorem for analytic semigroups. For the study of implicit evolution equations the notion of empathy happens to be more appropriate than that of semigroup. This approach is based upon the intertwining of two families of evolution operators and two families of pseudo-resolvents. In this paper we show that the Kisyński approach can be adapted to empathy...

We address the numerically reliable computation of generalized inverses of rational matrices in descriptor state-space representation. We put particular emphasis on two classes of inverses: the weak generalized inverse and the Moore-Penrose pseudoinverse. By combining the underlying computational techniques, other types of inverses of rational matrices can be computed as well. The main computational ingredient to determine generalized inverses is the orthogonal reduction of the system matrix pencil...