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Excellent article on Anarchist Train Hoppers

Discussion in 'Metal Heads' started by Agent Uprise, Mar 2, 2002.

  1. Agent Uprise

    Agent Uprise New Jack

    Joined:
    Feb 17, 2002
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    Excellent article on Anarchist Train Hoppers

    Discussion started by Agent Uprise - Mar 2, 2002

    Alternative Press Review
    The Other Side Of Life

    by Patrick Marley
    Peeking over his shoulder, Bree scans the parking lot. He shines his Mag Lite into the Dumpster and sifts through the inflated sacks of trash, slitting each one open with a knife. As Lars rounds the corner of the Pay Less grocery store, he calls out to Bree and tells him someone just gave him a $5 bill. Moving to the other side of the Dumpster, Lars reaches his lanky arm deep into the bin as Bree guides him with the flashlight. He retrieves three-fourths of a bag of walnuts, six Chips Ahoy cookies and two stale bagels—if not dinner, at least enough to tide them over for a while. When he finds an empty container of Wet Wipes, Bree warns him to stop, but he continues digging until he fingers soiled diapers.

    Rummaging through garbage is not a cruel occupation forced on these itinerants, but rather a part of their chosen lifestyle. Bree, Lars and their fellow travelers opt to avoid the 40-hour work week and a steady flow of bills. Instead of shopping for groceries, paying rent and commuting by car, they Dumpster dive for food and supplies, camp under bridges and sneak aboard freight trains.

    “I don’t consider myself living off the system,” Bree says. “I live off the excess fat of the system that nobody wants.”

    Though the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) and railroad police say that freight hopping is a dying phenomenon practiced only by old hobos and illegal immigrants, the transient lifestyle adopted by Bree and Lars suggests that a new disaffected generation is finding a home along the railroads. Train hopping must be stamped out because it endangers lives and threatens property, authorities say, but they know little about the character of the young people riding today.

    Jumping trains is just one aspect of their way of life, though, and at the moment, Bree and Lars are more interested in finding a heartier supper and something to drink. They slink behind Pay Less, eager for the wealth of food that grocery store trash usually yields, but the store’s accessible trash compactor dashes their plans. They drift over to the Dumpster behind a Papa John’s in a nearby strip mall, but a lingering employee prevents them from further investigation. KFC’s bins are empty, so they retreat to the Pay Less.

    Bree checks beverage prices while Lars stations himself outside the exit.

    ”Good evening, sir,” Lars says. “Can you spare any change for a couple of travelers? I’m from Florida and my partner’s up from Texas. We’re on our way to Ohio.”

    His black hooded sweatshirt and navy pants conceal weeks of grime. A black baseball cap offsets his blue eyes, translucent marbles that betray his Danish heritage. The 32-year-old keeps his 6-foot frame from being imposing by maintaining a relaxed posture. To lessen the chance that someone will seek out a manager, he only asks customers as they exit the store. Despite his easy demeanor, half the people pretend not to hear him. A few mutter “sorry” as they walk past, and one man glares at him, chastising him with an emphatic “no!” The rest dip into their pockets and hand over quarters, dimes and nickels. Working class people give the most generously, perhaps because they can relate to tight finances—as Jack London noted in The Road, his autobiographical account of his hoboing days, “The very poor constitute the last sure recourse of the hungry tramp.”

    Bree returns and perches on a nearby railing. With a short but unruly beard and a nose ring that hangs down to his lip, he strikes a less anonymous pose than Lars. His plastic-frame glasses held together with electrical tape are famous enough among his friends that he includes a crude rendering of them in the tags he leaves on boxcars and bathroom walls. For a 21-year-old, his hair is prematurely thin, but that detail is obscured by the quasi-mohawk he gave himself while in jail in Havre, Mont. Like most travelers he wears a baseball cap; his is decorated with a Norfolk Southern button and Santa Fe patch. Adding the handful of change to the $3 from the night before and the $5 from earlier in the evening, Lars counts out $11.67. After buying a box of wine for $7.99, they situate themselves in a stand of trees behind the strip mall. Bree drags crates from behind the mall to sit on while Lars rolls a twofer. They share cigarettes these days because the sack of American Spirit that someone gave them is much stronger than their usual brands. Lars pulls the foil pouch of wine—the “space bag”—from the box, holds it above his head and drinks from the spout, then offers it to Bree.

    After several passes of wine and a few more cigarettes, they return to the overflowing Dumpster behind Papa John’s. Digging through a pile of boxes, Bree finds two complete pepperoni pizzas and hurls them to Lars. He adds half of a sausage pizza to the pile while Lars plucks a newspaper from the trash, flips through the pages determinedly and tears out the crossword puzzle. Before departing, they watch a maggot inch along a wad of uncooked dough. In a deserted corner of the parking lot, Bree peels back the cheese and removes the pepperoni from the pizza. He has been a vegetarian for nearly half his life, ever since his parents divorced and his mom stopped cooking meat. Lars shoves slices into his mouth as he ponders the crossword, calling out six-letter clues.

    After more wine, they decide to seek out a bar or a place to sleep. Across the tracks and a few blocks later, they pass a small house set back on its lot, surrounded by shrubbery. A “for sale” sign stands in the lawn.

    ”Is that an empty?” Lars asks.

    They sprint to the side of the house and peer in the windows. They pop out screens and push on windows until they locate an unlocked one, then somersault inside. Removing his shoes, Lars turns the bathtub on full blast and dips his feet into the yellow water. As the house fills with a sulfur stench from the unused pipes, Bree looks in the empty fridge and tries to light the disconnected stove. They check the upstairs and the closets, but find the house barren. Because they usually wake around 2 p.m., they decide that staying here is too risky. They unlock all the windows in case they change their minds and creep out the back door.

    Lars considers himself an urban camper, and when the opportunity of an empty house comes along, he takes advantage of it, just as he takes advantage of the empty space on a train heading in his direction or the uneaten food in a Dumpster. Because of the waste inherent in capitalism, he subscribes to the tenets of anarchism - the belief that oppression stems from government and multinational corporations and that people would be better off without them.

    Though he has found a way to subsist outside society, Lars hesitates to call his life the embodiment of a philosophy.

    ”It’s not a glorious thing,” he says. “It’s just a different way of living. It’s only making do.”

    Out of pride, Lars has refused to accept general assistance welfare, but he is embarrassed to tell other train hoppers he has not cashed in on such an easy way to collect money. Sometimes he considers his life and philosophy inconsistent - he has rejected a society he deems corrupt, yet he relies on that society’s waste to get by - at other times, he sees no hypocrisy in that.

    “I want to overthrow the government like any good little anarchist,” Lars half-jokes. “[But] what’s wrong with a group not overthrowing the system but living off it like a leech? … Who is the judge at the end of the day? Who’s the parasite? … ADM—they live off the system. The biotechnology companies—they make huge profits off government research. That’s using the taxpayer system to buy yourself a limousine.”

    Anarchist beliefs are common among young rail riders, but the FRA and railroad police are unaware of such train hoppers. Based on what they see day to day, veteran rail workers and police say the transient population is decreasing. Instead of scouring trains for a handful of petty criminals, they try to root out more serious problems, such as the crime rings that steal cargo from stopped trains in urban areas. While the authorities believe the train-hopping problem is not pervasive, they consider it the most dangerous crime that can happen on railroads. When riders jump a moving train and miss, they can easily wind up under it. If a sitting train suddenly moves while people cross over the couplings between the cars, it can cut off their feet. When switchmen send single cars down the tracks, the nearly silent behemoths roll over anything or anyone in their paths. On its descent, an airplane appears to move slowly, even though it is actually traveling at 250 mph. The speed of a train is similarly hard to gauge, something that Bob Meyer, an FRA assistant to the highway grade manager, considers particularly deadly.

    “Once an engineer sees you do something that he deems critical, he can’t stop,” Meyer says. “He’s got 100,000 tons behind him and needs a mile and a half to stop. It’s too late.”

    Trespassing is the leading cause of death and injury on railroad property, but not only transients perpetrate this crime. Gary Horton, a sergeant with the Eerie County (N.Y.) Police who serves as a go-between for the FRA and police departments, says efforts to stop intruders focus on recreational trespassers—people who enter yards to jog, hunt or take shortcuts. “In my personal opinion, trespassing by transients and hobos is a problem,” Horton says. “Is it as big a problem as John Q. Public? Probably not.”

    According to figures kept by the FRA, an average of 426 trespassers died per year from 1975 to 1989. In the 1990s, the yearly average jumped to 520. Fatalities since 1975 have not maintained a particular pattern—they rise one year, then plunge the next—but increased rail traffic probably accounts for the spike in deaths. According to the Association of American Railroads, freight traffic is up 35 percent since 1990. These fatality statistics make no distinction between transients and recreational trespassers, says Marmie Edwards, vice president of communications for the non-profit Operation Lifesaver. Determining what happened in the aftermath of a train crash is difficult because of how long trains take to stop. Bodies are found up to half a mile from where they were struck, so investigators rarely know if the victim was crossing the track or fell off the train.

    “Sometimes they can’t determine if it was a person or an animal,” she says. “Part of the reason the focus is on recreational trespassers is because those are the people who are easier to get the information to.”

    To reach the transient population, Operation Lifesaver and the FRA distribute folders with information about the dangers of train hopping to the railroad police. Officers can put the tickets they issue to trespassers inside these folders. Operation Lifesaver also gives presentations at homeless shelters, but these programs are centered on the usual assumptions about hobos.

    Like many railroad police officers, Lt. Bob Borries of Burlington Northern Santa Fe believes only older hobos and illegal immigrants live a transient lifestyle.

    “It’s pretty much dying out,” Borries says. “There’s no evidence of kids doing it as a lifestyle. It’s more of a one-time deal. I don’t think they do it once and get hooked on it. Those days are gone.”

    Bree, Lars and other young transients confirm that “dirty kids,” as they call themselves, are a minority on the rails. They say they see few people on the lines, and when they do they tend to be older riders or Mexican migrant workers. Regardless, they are friends with dozens—if not hundreds—of riders like themselves.

    Duffy Littlejohn, author of Hopping Freight Trains in America, notes that estimating the number of people riding trains is nearly impossible. On a given day, he thinks 2,000-4,000 kids, or about 25 percent of the train-hopping population, are on the tracks. Most punks figure they make up a larger percentage.

    ”I can only extrapolate on what I see,” Littlejohn says. “The numbers are extremely imprecise. … What we do is hidden. It’s hard to tell who we are and how many we are.”

    Punks have been riding trains for at least 10 years, but whether their numbers are increasing or decreasing is impossible to determine. When Norman began hopping trains in 1989, he picked up on it the same way kids do today—by hearing about it through friends. Retired from the rails for six years, he now spends half the year in Minneapolis and half the year in New Orleans. He says many of his friends have likewise settled; the ones who still travel tend to do so now by van or car, but a few still hop trains. After four or five years, the initial rush started to fade.

    “You can only do the same route so many times,” he says. “There are definite circuits. When you first do it, you think—hey, this is a way of life. But when you’re 17 or 21, you’re different from when you’re older. … As you get older, it’s a lot harder on you.”

    Train hopping soars during economic crises and social upheavals. Hoboing first grew popular at the close of the Civil War, as trains became more commonplace and a generation of young men finished a war that had kept them rootless. The hobo ranks again swelled during the Panic of 1873 and the Great Depression. Today’s dearth of riders is probably tied to the prosperous economy, but anarchists are not interested in the so-called new economy because it does not guarantee bounty for everyone.

    With her middle class background and recent high school diploma, Izzy could participate in the booming economy, but she sees turning her back on it as an ethical imperative. The lanky 18-year-old began squatting in Washington, D.C. two years ago, while she finished high school. She wanted to drop out, but a fellow squatter told her if she graduated she would take her train hopping, which Izzy eagerly wanted to try.

    Sitting on a bench near downtown Minneapolis, Izzy watches a police car prowl down a wide sidewalk that cuts through the park. The officers glower at the clusters of vagrants scattered throughout the grassy square block, but they overlook Izzy. The black headband that keeps her braids out of her face reveals her partially shaved head, but her dark clothes look clean, setting her apart from the other homeless people.

    Izzy’s familiarity with the geography of the city is poor because when she lived here before, she spent most of her time at the Free State, a development site occupied by protestors to prevent the reroute of Highway 55 through sacred Indian land. She does not always squat with such clear political goals in mind, but if she can stay somewhere for free, she cannot justify paying rent. Part of the reason she lives as she does is to show others the freedom squatting offers.

    “A lot of it is rejecting the system that says you have to work 40 hours a week to survive,” Izzy says. “There’s such a fear of not having guaranteed food and shelter. It is trying to create your own life and standards and not being trapped. It is believing it is better to live in abandoned buildings and eat out of Dumpsters than to be forced into a life you don’t want to live and make compromises you don’t want to make.”

    She sees her lifestyle as temporary—a way to live until society is politically restructured.

    “It is important to recognize that eating out of Dumpsters depends on the system,” she says. “The system has to be there for people to throw away ridiculous amounts of food and whole buildings. People are trying to figure out ways to change the system so it’s not so horrible and wasteful. I don’t see squatting and Dumpster diving as ends in themselves. They allow you space outside of the system.”

    Perhaps because of her background, she thinks about the image she projects to middle class people. She is constantly aware of how her politics and lifestyle mesh, and of how she can influence others.

    ”I don’t like spare changing because it gives people the idea that you need money to live and that if you don’t work, you have to beg,” she says.

    She wants people in corporate jobs to see that her way of life is better and to drop out. She holds work in high esteem—but only work that is done passionately, that holds importance for the person doing the labor.

    ”The idea that a CEO’s life is a hundred times more valuable than yours - that’s dehumanizing,” she says. “A lot more dehumanizing than eating food out of a Dumpster.”

    Sam, a 31-year-old who shares Izzy’s passion for train-riding and radical politics, maintains a stable life with a part-time job and a fixed address. He is well-versed in anarchist socialist ideology, but politics is never an abstraction for him. When a drunk, heavy-set man lumbers over to him at the Hard Times Café at 10 a.m. and asks for breakfast money, Sam hands over a $5 bill. With a gleeful “thank you,” the man hugs Sam’s head, leaving his hair, unkempt from a bicycle helmet, matted down.

    As a member of the International Workers of the World, Sam sees clear ties to the labor movement and a life on the rails. The IWW formed in 1905 with the goal of ending wage distribution by turning factories over to workers. Though they urged workers to sabotage the workplace, IWW members—or Wobblies, as they were called—were more often the victims of violence than the perpetrators of it.

    After a narrow decision in 1908 to accept the Socialist Party, many middle-of-the-road laborers abandoned the IWW. Viewing migrant laborers as naturally sympathetic to the IWW cause, the Wobblies began aggressively recruiting hobos. Many believed in the union, but carrying a red card—the official sign of membership—could earn a beating from the ever-suspicious railroad police, known as bulls.

    Ninety years later, a bull patted down Sam in a yard in Aurora, Illinois. He found his red card, looked it over and asked, “What’s this?”

    In another era, the cop would have known exactly what it was.

    “It made me reflect on how strange history is,” Sam says.

    Like Sam, Wedge, 22, looks less punk than many of today’s young riders. He makes himself look straight to avoid police attention, keeping his hair buzzed and face cleanly shaved. He wears army-style pants that are durable yet mainstream-looking and he appears remarkably put together for someone who rarely changes clothes.

    He received an education degree from the University of Indiana, but resents the constraints earning it put on his time. While he likes learning, he considers his submission to the system a compromise. Using freight trains as a means of public transportation pleases him more than his accomplishments in school.

    Like Izzy, his way of life is an ethical choice.

    “I’m already privileged in this society because I’m white and male,” Wedge says. “I have more choices. But I don’t think this society is ecologically sustainable, so I think it’s going to fail at some point.”

    He scrounges through trash for most of what he needs, but resorts to other means for certain gear, such as camping equipment. Turning his shirt inside out to the clean side, he heads to the back of an REI camping store, snatching a $210 water filter on his way. He tells the clerk he lost his receipt and receives store credit for it, which he cashes in for a sleeping bag and cover. On his way out, he nabs a new pair of tennis shoes.

    When shoplifting, he targets chain stores and leaves local stores like co-ops alone. To an extent, he views shoplifting as a way to attack corruption—but mostly he just considers it inconsequential.

    ”It’s not always a political act,” he says. “I just don’t feel bad about taking it. I would have no problem stealing from Target because I don’t think they care. And you’re not hurting anyone - you’re not hurting the workers, you’re not hurting the corporate power structure. … [But] I don’t scam or steal that much because it’s just another form of consumerism.” Like train hopping, shoplifting fits into a bigger picture for Wedge. If there is a political side to it, there is one to all facets of his life.

    “The reason I would choose to sleep on a rooftop or in the woods or crash on a friend’s floor or steal some fancy new shoes instead of buy them is because, by doing those things, I’m setting myself free,” he says. “If I want to jump a train and go to Oregon, I can do it because I don’t have those responsibilities. I don’t think I’m lazy. I don’t just sit there and watch TV. I’m guaranteeing my freedom by doing this. I learn things every day.”

    Chris is not politically active, but he and Wedge share certain values, such as an aversion to material goods. Chris snatches the corner of his Hawaiian shirt, a vibrant blue despite the layers of grime.

    “This shirt is a kick-me-down,” he says, then peels back the layers of T-shirts beneath it, declaring which ones were given to him and which ones were Dumpstered. A safety pin keeps the fly of his worker’s pants clasped. For more serious repairs, he uses his sewing kit.

    “There’s no reason to make new clothes,” Chris says. “I wear one pair of pants and it lasts me eight to 10 months. I don’t want stuff and I don’t want to get stuff.”

    Despite this attitude, he calls himself a packrat. On this leg of his never-ending journey he lugs around both a ukulele and a bicycle; the bike limits what trains he can ride, but otherwise expands his mobility. Everything is a matter of self-reliance, down to his piercings. His earlobes hang down half an inch each, with tiny hoops covering the thin strips of skin at the bottom of the lobes. Above and below his lip and in either cheek he has embedded chunks of an antler. His tongue piercing gives him a slight lisp. Dozens of tight necklaces—including an entire bicycle chain—encircle his neck.

    Eventually he wants to live as an agrarian so that he can completely support himself, but for now he devotes his time to finding out about trains and train culture. Wherever he stops, he seeks out libraries so he can read hobo narratives. While many young riders stick to their own kind, Chris mingles with older hobos and illegal immigrants because he believes everyone on the rails is a fellow traveler.

    “It’s more of a class issue,” he says. “We’re all on the same side of the gun.”

    Sitting at a picnic table behind a Minneapolis café that gives away food after the lunch rush, he speaks jubilantly about a discarded hobo custom known as the ‘Frisco Circle. Riders threw all their money and food stamps into the middle of the circle, then collectively decided what they most needed to buy. He holds it as the embodiment of a truism of the road: “If you want to be an outlaw, you’ve got to be honest.”

    Chris says that even if the railroads crack down on transients, the lifestyle will survive. Union Pacific might have a zero tolerance policy on the books, but often enforcement is lax. Besides, by giving a fake name, train hoppers can elude most problems with the police. Chris is not worried about the new generation of rail cars, which have little room for stowaways.

    “They’re not going to replace cars every year,” he says. “There’s always going to be boxcars. Because of money, they can’t fix them all. You can’t pay to have a cop everywhere—though cell phones have made everyone a cop.”

    One hundred years ago, the shifting populations of hobo camps, or jungles, provided a way for arriving travelers to find out about yards and rail lines. Tramps also passed on such information through cryptic graffiti, though that might be distorted by mythology. Today, with fewer riders, it’s not possible to keep jungles thriving, but like other parts of society, transient culture has been revolutionized by the Information Age.

    Chris views the Crew Change—a guide started by a Chicago railfan known as the Train Doctor—as a way to move an oral tradition into printed form. The 2000 edition is a 76-page compendium that tells riders everything they need to know about yards across the country: how to get to them, where to hide while they wait, how heavily policed they are, where trains are going. Travelers consider the book essential, even though its timetables cannot be relied upon because the railroads rarely run as scheduled. Waiting for trains for hours, or days, is not uncommon.

    Travelers distribute the Crew Change in a primitive but organic way, handing it off as one train hopper meets another. The guide urges users to charge others only the cost of photocopying it and to keep it underground. Chris is typically laconic, though he will say it began in the late 1980s as a photocopied collection of handwritten journals. In 1995, the Train Doctor’s associates transferred the information onto computer discs, making it easier to update.

    “The idea of centralizing [information] has always been there,” Chris says. “It’s just easier now with the technology.”

    The manual comes out annually but one- or two-page updates are issued as needed. Because of the haphazard distribution method, various editions remain in circulation. “It’s not the Crew Change Guide, it’s a Crew Change Guide,” Chris says. “There are many.”

    The Crew Change is the Bible of young travelers, though they also devour the how-to books that come and go. Daniel Leen’s The Freighthopper’s Manual for North America taught riders in the 1980s the rudiments of getting started—without warning of train hopping’s dangers. Duffy Littlejohn’s more thorough Hopping Freight Trains in America, published in 1993, clued in many of the current batch of riders, but is on the verge of going out of print.

    About five years ago train-hopping Web sites emerged, but many have been taken down because authorities can easily access them. Today a few sites still exist, guiding riders to maps and timetables put out by the railroads, but only alluding to the nuts and bolts of riding. Travelers primarily use the Internet as a bulletin board to keep in touch, restricting crucial information to private e-mails. They maintain a list-serve, which riders can join only if nominated - a measure that ensures they will not be infiltrated by the railroad police. To update friends on travel plans, they use free voicemail services.

    Chris sees train riding as the extension of a long tradition. Today’s riders mirror the political usurpers, migrant workers and petty criminals who hopped trains in the early 20th century. The survival of railroad slang - “unit” for an engine, “side-door Pullman” for a boxcar, “catching out” for hopping trains - symbolizes that continuity.

    The main difference between today’s young riders and the hobos of the past is their attitude toward work. The etymology of “hobo” is unknown, but some lexicographers speculate that it comes from “hoe boy,” an 18th century English migrant worker. Train riders took pride in the title, and saw themselves as distinct from tramps—on-the-move freeloaders who refused to work— and bums who stayed in one place. Young riders today do not define themselves in such terms. Some oppose wage-earning on ethical grounds and some shun it out of laziness. Some enjoy work, but most consider getting by labor enough.

    Contrary to his usual work habits, Guy, who grew up with Bree in Lubbock, Texas, has taken a job helping to remodel a house. His stopover in Minneapolis has grown into a longer stay, and the work, which involves tearing out lots of drywall, seems fun. He hates the routine of full-time jobs, the being there at 8 a.m. and staying until 5 p.m., but doesn’t mind short-term gigs.

    As soon as he earns his first paycheck, Guy goes to Nightfall Records, a ramshackle store that specializes in obscure heavy metal. Since seeing Gummo, Guy has been checking out lots of Norwegian black metal. He buys a used, long-sleeve Emperor T-shirt and pulls it over the layers of black shirts he already wears. His jeans, too, are black, with small white X’s stitched along the seams. Curly hair juts out from beneath his black stocking cap, blending in with the beard that frames his face. Though he has been in Minneapolis longer than intended, the town has treated him well. Scoring food and other amenities is easy - someone already gave him both a bike and some weed. But now he is unsure of how much longer will be welcome at the punk flophouse where he has been staying. Eddie, a local who Guy has been hanging out with, has just been kicked out because of his reputation and propensity to urinate in his sleep after too many drinks. Guy fears he might be evicted as well, so he packs up.

    Shoving his few articles of clothing into his pack and rolling up the expensive sleeping bag his mother gave him for Christmas, he heads onto the screened-in porch off of the cluttered living room. He sits down, plays a tape by At the Gates, lights a bowl and muses about work.

    “I just don’t like to work,” he says. “I don’t mind it, but I’d rather be loafing around. … I just want to have fun instead of dealing with all the stress.”

    He sinks into his chair and enjoys the warm June evening air. He doesn’t know where he will sleep tonight, but two years on the road have inured him to such conditions.

    “It’s like nothing to me,” he says.

    Besides, Guy is itchy to leave town. He plans to meet Bree in Fargo, N.D., at the Testicle Festival, a week-long birthday party notorious for the number of bands that play and the 10-keg free-for-all that concludes the event.

    Every day for more than a week, Guy and Eddie mention they are leaving in a couple of days, but they never solidify their plans. When they arrive one day at the café with bulging backpacks, Tommy, a Michigan rider headed west, makes arrangements to meet them in two hours in the open lot next to the café. Tommy pedals off to the suburban house where he is staying to get his pack.

    As they pull into the lot an hour and 45 minutes later, Eddie picks up a bottle of Grain Belt Premium lying in the street. He cracks it open, takes a sip, then thinks better of it.

    ”For all the dead homies,” he says in a self-deprecating voice, pouring the beer out at the base of a tree.

    Guy removes a small boom box from his pack and plays the 2Pac and Hawkwind tapes he bought on a final shopping binge. Over his other shirts he wears a new Burzum shirt emblazoned with a hazy graveyard. Eddie tugs on the chain that dangles from his camouflage shorts.

    After 15 minutes, they grow antsy waiting for Tommy. Summer storms have been rolling in suddenly for the past few weeks and they dread a wet trip to Fargo. Rumors of busts have circulated for the last several days - with so many people coming into town for the party, bulls have been picking train hoppers off the cars easily. Guy and Eddie have put off leaving for days, and now the need to get out of town feels urgent. Watching rush hour traffic, they decide hitchhiking will be an easier way to get to Fargo. They pack up and ride off, with plans to ditch their bikes at the edge of the suburbs. As Guy and Eddie slide onto the road, their furthest thought is Tommy, who approaches the lot a few minutes later.

    Like many train hoppers, Guy disparages hitchhiking. Unlike jumping trains, hitchhiking makes travelers reliant on others, which opens up too many variables for his taste. He has never been threatened or propositioned for sex, as some of his friends have, but he has encountered his fill of evangelists.

    On trains the annoyances may be fewer, but the danger is heightened. A life on the rails requires a tough exterior and, if provoked, Guy is quick to pull out his Gerber knife. Guy says that by knowing his limitations and keeping his wits about him, he remains safe.

    “No train is worth risking your neck for,” Guy says. All of Guy’s safety lessons were learned firsthand. When he and Bree decided to catch out for the first time, in San Antonio, they pulled themselves onto a boxcar that had already been staked out by an old tramp named Mike. Even though they had broken the rule of etiquette that says riders never get on an occupied car without first asking, Mike welcomed them and shared his two joints. They got all the way to Tucson in a day, but got busted by the notorious Fast Freddie in the yard. Fifteen minutes later they discarded their tickets and sneaked back in the yard.

    As a train took off, Mike jumped on a grainer. Guy chased it, but it was moving faster than he could run. To gauge a train’s speed, seasoned riders watch the bolts on the wheels; if they can make out the individual bolts, the train is moving at a safe speed. Guy hadn’t learned this lesson yet.

    “I ran alongside and just jumped,” Guy says. “Dumbest thing I’ve ever done. Except for what I’m about to tell you I did next.”

    Guy wasn’t sure if Bree had made it on, so when the train stopped a little later, he walked up and down the train, calling Bree’s name. Bree did the same, but they missed each other.

    Guy pulled his pack off the grainer and moved into an empty boxcar, where he built a mattress out of cardboard. When the train started moving, the car violently shook from side to side, giving him first a stomachache, then a headache. He drifted in and out of sleep, and when he woke up, the door had slid most of the way shut. He crept toward the door, but didn’t want to get too close for fear of being thrown out. As he stood in front of it, the corroded door slammed shut. Guy clawed at it. He tried to pry it open with his knife, but the blade snapped off. Three or four or five hours passed—it was hard to keep track of time—before the train pulled into a small yard. Through holes that had rusted through the door, Guy could see a bicyclist 50 yards off. He kicked and punched the door, screaming for help. The bicyclist told him to wait—as if Guy could do anything else—and returned a few minutes later with the bull.

    “He takes me, he puts me in his car and he says, ‘I should take you to jail, but I think you’ve learned your lesson,’” Guy says.

    Guy believes he has. He avoids boxcars and refuses to ride them unless the door is spiked open. Even then he likes to leave a piece of plywood along the door track in case the spike breaks.

    Bree agrees that railroads are dangerous, but says they offer tremendous freedom. Bree tries to explain this to Howard, who is buying drinks for him and Lars in a Chicago bar. A slight man in a short-sleeved button-down and straw hat, Howard discusses train riding with them, dominating the conversation even though he is talking to two experienced riders. He lectures them on the Freight Train Riders of America, a gang rumored to beat up other transients, basing his comments on a television documentary he has seen—a documentary that Bree was interviewed for. The few bits of gossip about the FTRA that Bree edges into the conversation are accepted by Howard as proof of his point.

    But Bree says a life on the rails is worth those perils.

    ”I really don’t think the risks are that big a threat,” Bree says. “I don’t have to pay rent, pay bills, pay for gas. The only thing I have to do is make sure I feed myself. It gives me the freedom to be alone. The freedom to travel.”

    A cover band starts and the conversation ebbs. During the break, Bree persuades the bassist to let Lars play a song and 20 minutes later, Lars, with a borrowed guitar in hand, quietly introduces “One More Broken Bottle.” As the patrons talk over the song, Bree charges toward the front of the room, as if he were seeing his favorite band perform.

    After a couple more drinks, Bree and Lars spill onto the sidewalk, where Friday night revelers provide a perfect opportunity for the Beverly Game. Lars approaches a stranger.

    “Beverly?” he asks tentatively, as if she looks familiar.

    He and Bree greet others on the street. In reply they receive expressions of confusion and bemusement. After a few tries, Bree pounces in front of a young woman.

    “Beverly!” he exclaims, with arms out to his side, a convincing I-can’t-believe-it’s-Beverly tone of glee in his voice. “Don’t you remember me? We went to school together.”

    For two blocks they continue, expanding the game to include any name that comes to mind. At the corner, they slip into a lively gay club. Writhing to the beat, they work their way across the dance floor and climb onto the small stage at one end. They remove their shoes and socks and step into the kiddy pool the club has provided. As they dance, they kick out droplets of water, which freeze in the strobe lights before spraying the dancers near the stage, who step back, laughing.

    Returning to the street, Lars plunges his arm into a trashcan and comes out with an umbrella. As they parade down the street, he aims it at passers-by, then pops it open. He rushes toward a man across the street. “Now for my Mary Poppins impersonation,” he calls, unleashing the umbrella.

    The man walks on, as if he hasn’t heard, unsure of this late-night loose nut.

    “What? That doesn’t even get a smile?” Lars asks. And then it does. He turns over his shoulder, smiling, yes, I see, you’re not dangerous, just having fun.

    Emboldened by beer, Bree turns spare-changing into street theater. He runs up to a man, turns on his heel and, walking alongside him, says, “I’m with the Ghetto Watch Patrol and I’m going to have to issue you a citation for getting too many sexy women, smoking too many doobies and listening to too much funky music.” Later that night, they look for a place to sleep outside of Gary, Ind. They can’t find the trainyard—the next morning they will learn there is no yard in Gary—but they come across an electrically powered commuter line that offers good shelter. By a park-and-ride station, the tracks go under a bridge, always a reliable roof. Lars lays out a mattress of foam and cardboard in a patch of muscadine grapes. They had used the cardboard earlier that day to fly a sign. It read:

    HUNGRY - BROKE WILL DESIGN WEB PAGE FOR FOOD HOMELESS DOT-COMMERS

    They lie behind the cement support of the bridge, where they are hidden from the train. Brush obscures the view from the parking lot.

    Light breaks through the gray clouds. Birds chirp in the distance, mixing with the static pitter-patter of the electric lines, which deceives them into thinking it is raining. Lars and Bree pull their sleeping bags over their heads to keep out the light and sound and mosquitoes. They have vague plans. They want to go east, through the Appalachians, but they are not sure how they will get there. With no yard in Gary, they either have to make their way back to Chicago or hitchhike to another town in Indiana.

    But that is a worry for tomorrow afternoon, when they get up.

    Actually, it isn’t a worry at all.
     
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  2. C-O-K PBScru

    C-O-K PBScru 12oz Member

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    C-O-K PBScru - Replied Mar 2, 2002

    i admire their philosophies and their lifestyle they are choosing
     
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  3. KaBar

    KaBar 12oz Senior Member

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    KaBar - Replied Mar 3, 2002

    Been there, done that. Anarchism looks attractive until one begins to look at the results of that philosophy on a large scale. I loved the idea of libertarian socialism and anarchism until I took a good, long look at the people with whom I was associating. No loyalty, and no discipline. No thanks.
    A lifetime of studying politics leads me to believe that while Constitutional Republicanism is not perfect, it beats the shit out of every single alternative. Before you fall in love with Godwin, Proudhon, Kropotkin, Malatesta, Emma Goldman, Voltarine deCleyre, Bookchin, Stuart Christie and Albert Meltzer (the last two I actually corresponded with, years ago) and all the rest, take the time to read the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States, the Bill of Rights, and the Federalist Papers.
    The U.S. system is a compromise, but one that must have been "engineered by angels." No other system on earth even comes close, and I've studied many. Of course, it could stand improvement. What system cannot stand improvement? Perfection is a worthy goal, but rarely attained, if ever.
     
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  4. Cracked Ass

    Cracked Ass 12oz Veteran Member

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    Cracked Ass - Replied Mar 3, 2002

    I agree with Kabar...mostly. It would help if the documents he mentioned were still in full force and effect. The current regime, and to a lesser extent a few before it, are violating at least the spirit if not the letter of those documents.
    The article above has been posted at least twice on 12oz before, but who can find the old ones. I'll let the duplication stand for those who missed it before.
     
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  5. Agent Uprise

    Agent Uprise New Jack

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    Agent Uprise - Replied Mar 4, 2002

    Sorry about posting this if it's been here before,as you can see I'm new here.
    Kabar, I was hoping to get an analysis of thier hopping experiances. I figured you could point out a mistake or two and ways to handle it. I've already got the fear of god instilled in me on the deadman issue because of your advice. Too bad the kid who got trapped in that boxcar for 9 hours hadn't met you beforehand. Did you notice any other situations which could of been handled better?
    As far as the whole political debate is concerned I'd rather save it for it's own thread. I will say however that I foster no fondness for any document that describes black people as 3/5's of a human being.
    peace
     
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  6. KaBar

    KaBar 12oz Senior Member

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    KaBar - Replied Mar 4, 2002

    Agent Uprise---I can't say that I disagree with your assessment of the accomodation of slavery, but if one is intellectually honest, you must take into consideration the fact that the Constitution we finally arrived at in 1787 was a far cry from what we began with in 1776. In effect, the "Centralists" won, and it's been a one-sided game ever since the ratification of the Bill of Rights. The American colonists did not invent slavery, and the first slaves that arrived on these shores arrived in Dutch bottoms, not American. The British people today act rather snobby about American racism, but it was British law that established slavery as legal in the Colonies, and British law that permitted trading in slaves. Not to mention the fact that the slave ports in West Africa were Arab, and the caravans that brought the slaves to the port castles were African, not American. And of course, there is always the consideration that many of the descendants of those poor unfortunates brought here in irons are living like kings in the greatest democratic republic that man has ever known, whereas the descendants of the slave traders in Africa are living impoverished in wretched tyrannies and anarchic chaos. I agree with my black co-worker, who said, "To tell you the truth, I don't give a shit about slavery, I'm just glad I'm HERE and not THERE." That pretty much sums it up. I have ancestors on both sides of my family that lived in South Carolina and Texas who fought for the Southern Confederacy and undoubtably owned slaves. I can't see that it did them much good. They fought, they lost, and for the next four generations they were poor as dirt. We cannot dwell in the past. It is the future that we must concentrate upon, but we will never again know the kind of liberty that existed in the early days of the Republic. It has been slowly and relentlessly stripped from us, bit by bit. Almost all of the original goals of the Anarchist movement of the 1880's and 1890's have long since been realized. Capitalism delivered them, because it was easier (and cheaper) to give in on things like the Eight-Hour Day and Unemployment Insurance than it was to put down a revolution. Today, anarchism rings pretty hollow, but I would have liked to have been there at the Spanish Civil War in 1936. That must have really been some fight--Round One of World War II.
     
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  7. im not witty

    im not witty Guest

    im not witty - Replied Mar 9, 2002

    kabar you are one fascinating guy.
    ive read that article before but its nice to see it pop up again.
    as far as anarchy goes, i like the notion but im in awe at how to put that belief into practice. i just hate seeing the word anarchy thrown around like its only a fuck you attitude. anyway, another time perhaps.
     
  8. Southern kid

    Southern kid 12oz Elite Member

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    Southern kid - Replied Mar 12, 2002

    i wish i could just set aside everything and go for it. many times i thought about it. no job..girlfriend..no responcibilites other than to stay out of jail and eat when you can. lovely. good article..thanks. ;)
     
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  9. HomerJayII

    HomerJayII 12oz Member

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    HomerJayII - Replied Mar 20, 2002

    THATS A NIFTY LITTLE ARTICLE. THANKS
     
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  10. Agent Uprise

    Agent Uprise New Jack

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    Agent Uprise - Replied Mar 26, 2002

    You can go to www.infoshop.org to see what whats going on in the anarchist "movement" and ideology and practice and stuff. Im sure what ever city yer in has events and what not, if yer interested in learing more you should drop in.
     
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  11. dukeofyork

    dukeofyork Guest

    dukeofyork - Replied Mar 26, 2002

    isnt an anarchic "movement" a contradiction of terms?
    hmmm....well, maybe not under movement, but if its considered an orginization, it would be..
    sounds like a lot of liberal mumbo jumbo......when it has two opposite words in its title, you know somethings up. a lot like gun control.



    of course, you cant trust anyone it seems...
     
  12. KaBar

    KaBar 12oz Senior Member

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    KaBar - Replied Mar 26, 2002

    Anarchists

    dukeofyork-----There are a bunch of different "brands" of anarchists. The theories of so-called "pure" anarchists, like Prince Peter Kropotkin or Proudhon are really not accepted today as practical. Anarchism is a wing of socialism. At the First International in (I think) 1866, there was a gigantic split in the orginal International Working Men's Association (IMWA) between Karl Marx/Fredrich Engels, who were authoritarians and the ultimate "fathers" of State Socialism, or (as we know it today) Communism; and the "anarchist communists" led by Mikhail Bakunin and others. I know it seems incredibly byzantine, but Marx/Engels "stole" the approbation "communist" from the Bakuninists, and appropriated it for their own so-called "scientific socialist" wing of IWMA. The Bakuninists then adopted the Proudhonist term "anarchist" in defiance, turning an insult into a proud title. Marx/Engels won the vote, and expelled the Bakuninists from IWMA's International. The Bakuninists then formed the SECOND International, which is why the old anarchists used to chalk up a "2" in a diamond on walls and sidewalks when they attacked communist rallies. The only socialist/communist group that still does this sort of thing is the Trotskyists, who are (blah, blah, blah) part of the so-called Fourth International. They use a "4" as a symbol, especially, (if weary memory serves) the Spartacists who, if they still exist, were expelled from some Stalinist group.
    Today, the largest and most fertile group of rational anarchists is the anarcho-syndicalists, including many members of the IWW, the old Spanish fighting union CNT/AIT (Confederacion National del Trabajador/Asociacion de Trabajadores), and a Swedish general union whose name escapes me.
    The punked-out kids marking up the Circle "A" and breaking windows, for the most part, don't have a clue as to what it's all about. They're just pissed off and want to act up. The real anarchists are a lot more working-class and straight arrow than anything you'll ever see in Seattle or San Francisco. That Circle-"A" by the way, is relatively new. It dates from about 1959 or so, and was a take-off on the Ban the Bomb symbol of the ND (nuclear disarmament) movement, which evolved into the Peace Movement and then into the anti-Vietnam War Movement here in the U.S. The Circle-"A" began in UK, where night-time anarchist graffitti propagandists marked it up with brushes and spray cans everywhere they could reach. Most of the British people who saw it were completely at a loss as to what it stood for. Eventually the Flintstone Kids caught on to the idea and it has been reduced to "Fuck Everything" and a symbol of chaos. Whatever. It's a long, long way from Bakunin and Marx and the IWMA.
     
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  13. Agent Uprise

    Agent Uprise New Jack

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    Agent Uprise - Replied Mar 26, 2002

    Damn Kabar, I don't know what you've been eating this week but it must of been awfully fucking BITTER. Your comment above is the typical media stereotype and I must say I would expect better of you. We can go back and forth all day about what an anarchist is supposed to act like and how that compares to the actions of anarchists of today, but it would mostly be he said she said. Like I said before, if people are curious they should peep www.infoshop.org to see what we're doing.



    No. Contrary to what fox news would have you believe, we do NOT believe in chaos or have any aversion to 'groups' 'movements' 'organizations' or whatever. Actually we are a very tight nit community and believe very strongly in free association. Statist ideology says that you may not fraternize and conduct buisness with Juan because poor Juan lives across an imaginary line called the US/Mexico border. Anarchists dont believe in the idea of a state and there-for the notion that people should be caged in by man made borders is not something we honor.
    Anarchist theory is that of one against Authority. This means that while we do have groups no one person has a monopoly of its power. This belief that power is to be distributed equally to all participants goes contrary to everything we are taught about human relations and gets dismissed as "window breaking spiked hair punks".
     
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  14. KaBar

    KaBar 12oz Senior Member

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    KaBar - Replied Mar 27, 2002

    I guess the guys I saw on TV with spiked hair and tons of tats and pierced noses and shit were agents provocateur. Sorry. They sort of looked like genuine, garden-variety Seattle anarchist radicals to me. If they were provocateurs maybe the anti-WTO guys should have kicked their asses for bringing down the cops on everybody. The anarchists I knew were no less impulsive and stupidly destructive than those idiots on TV. It's mainly a matter of style, I guess. I kept waiting for the admirable CONstructive part of anarchism to get rolling. That was about 1976 and I still don't see it. In UK, it was a little better than here, but only just. In Spain and France there were still old remnants of genuinely heroic organizations like the FIJL (The Iberian Federation of Anarchist Youth) who were all like fifty or sixty years old, because they froze new membership in the late '40s to keep the organization true to it's original goals. Today, to find young people like that I guess you'd have to look in parts of eastern Europe. I don't know. Back then people were less fascinated with "lifestyle" and more interested in "life." I met some East German anarchists once who had persevered until the fall of the Berlin Wall. When Germany was re-united, their whole reason for being sort of evaporated. I don't know what happened to them, they just went on to have a regular life. Being an anarchist made less sense when you could get a decent job, I suppose.
     
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  15. Agent Uprise

    Agent Uprise New Jack

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    Agent Uprise - Replied Mar 27, 2002

    Well there were most certainly agent prvocateurs present at seattle just as there has been at any large protest since the birth of cointelpro. But there were no doubt many more spikey haired anarchists who indulgeg in property alteration.

    Well whoever they were you are incorrect about them bringing down the heavy hand of the law upon everyone. Its an undisputed fact that the first 'actions' to take place in the seattle "riots" were peaceful sit-downs performed by people who were decidedly non-violent. All these people did was sit down in the middle of the street to prove a point. This is when the police got violent. Ive seen footage of masses of pacifists gathered in the street being peppersprayed teargassed and straight up beat down for no reason. This police started rioting long before the dreaded anarchists even showed up. When they did arrive they arrived to a scene of complete chaos (not anarchy!!!) and brutality. If old women are being gassed in the street do you think anybody is concerned whether or not some spikey haired kid is having a few words with the window of strarbucks? The police created the level of tension on the streets and are responsible for the end result.
     
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