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•-- British Sign Language

Discussion in 'Channel Zero' started by imported_El Mamerro, May 8, 2005.

  1. •-- British Sign Language

    Discussion started by imported_El Mamerro - May 8, 2005

    Neural correlates of British Sign Language comprehension:
    spatial processing demands of topographic language
    *



    Abstract

    In all signed languages used by deaf people signs are executed in 'sign space' in front of the body. Some signed sentences use this space to map detailed 'real-world' spatial relationships directly. Such sentences can be considered to exploit sign space 'topographically'. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) we explored the extent to which increasing the topographic processing demands of signed sentences was reflected in the differential recruitment of brain regions in deaf and hearing native signers of British Sign Language (BSL). When BSL signers performed a sentence-anomaly judgement task the occipito-temporal junction was activated bilaterally to a greater extent for topographic than non-topographic processing. The differential role of movement in the processing of the two sentence types may account for this finding. In addition enhanced activation was observed in left inferior and superior parietal lobules during processing of topographic BSL sentences. We argue that the left parietal lobe is specifically involved in processing the precise configuration and location of hands in space to represent objects, agents and actions. Importantly, no differences in these regions were observed when hearing people heard and saw English translations of these sentences. Despite the high degree of similarity in the neural systems underlying signed and spoken languages, exploring the linguistic features which are unique to each of these broadens our understanding of the systems involved in language comprehension.



    Glossary of terms used in the BSL translations


    General

    Signs are conventionally represented in uppercase letters (BOOK, TABLE).

    ( ) Text in brackets indicates additional information.

    - - Hyphens are used where more than one English word is required to gloss a single sign.

    Arrows have been added to indicate movement where necessary.


    At beginning of line

    D - dominant hand. This signer is left-handed so in these examples, the left hand is dominant.

    ND - non-dominant hand. In these examples, the right hand is non-dominant.

    Neither ND or D is indicated in 2-handed signs or where there is no contrastive use of the hands.


    Other symbols

    XX-Cl indicates where a classifier substitutes for a noun. A subscript R or L after the classifier indicates if it is located to the signer's left or right.

    FLAT-Obj-cl is a flat hand, fingers extended and together, used to substitute for members of the class of flat objects (e.g. BOOK, TABLE, CAR, etc.)

    THIN-Obj-cl is an extended index finger, used to substitute for members of the class of long, thin objects (e.g. STICK, PEN, PENCIL, TOOTHBRUSH, etc.)

    3D-cl is a 'clawed' hand, fingers spread and curved, used to substitute for members of the class of objects perceived as having length, width and height (e.g. HOUSE, TOWN, STATION, etc)

    IX (Index) is used when the signer points at a location in space in order to assign it to a specific referent or to refer to a location previously assigned to that referent. A subscript R or L after the Index indicates if it is located to the signer's left or right.

    .... (dotted line) is used to indicate when a sign is articulated and the handshape is maintained on one hand while the other hand produces a different sign. For example in "The book is next to the pen on the table", the classifier for BOOK is maintained with the dominant hand, while the non-dominant hand is used to sign PEN and the classifier for PEN. The start and endpoints of the dotted line indicate when the signer begins and the ends the sign.





    Examples




    Complimentary music:
    <object codeBase="http://download.macromedia.com/pub/shockwave/cabs/flash/swflash.cab#version=6,0,29,0" height="300" width="83" classid="clsid:D27CDB6E-AE6D-11cf-96B8-444553540000">
    <param name="movie" value="biggie.swf">
    <param name="quality" value="high">
    <param name="SCALE" value="exactfit"><embed src="http://cimacomm.com/archived/adm%5Fr12/biggie.swf" width="300" height="83" quality="high" pluginspage="http://www.macromedia.com/go/getflashplayer" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" scale="exactfit">
    </object>


    THE WOMAN SHAVED HER LEGS

    [​IMG]
    WOMAN
    [​IMG]
    HER
    [​IMG]
    LEG
    [​IMG]
    BEEN-SHAVE









    THE CUP CLIMBED OVER THE SHEEP

    [​IMG]
    SHEEP

    [​IMG] [​IMG]
    CUP

    [​IMG] [​IMG]
    CUP-CLIMB-OVER-SHEEP (at location of sheep)








    THE BICYCLE KICKED THE PIG

    [​IMG]
    PIG
    [​IMG]
    IX-R
    [​IMG]
    BICYCLE
    [​IMG]
    KICK (towards location of pig)



     
  2. imported_El Mamerro - Replied May 8, 2005

  3. imported_El Mamerro - Replied May 8, 2005

  4. GLIK$

    GLIK$ Dirty Dozen Crew

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    GLIK$ - Replied May 8, 2005

    Are​
    YOU​
    READY!?
     
    GLIK$ - Rank: Dirty Dozen Crew - Messages:
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    Last edited: May 13, 2007
  5. Poop Man Bob

    Poop Man Bob Dirty Dozen Crew

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    Poop Man Bob - Replied May 8, 2005

    Hahahaha.
     
    Poop Man Bob - Rank: Dirty Dozen Crew - Messages:
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  6. CACashRefund

    CACashRefund 12oz Loyalist

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    CACashRefund - Replied May 8, 2005

    Awesome
     
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  7. Fabo 2

    Fabo 2 12oz Member

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    Fabo 2 - Replied May 8, 2005

    [​IMG]

    if we could have avatars, this would be mine.
     
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  8. HESHIANDET

    HESHIANDET Guest

    HESHIANDET - Replied May 8, 2005

    i wanna come to PR and get wasted
     
  9. sans sheriff

    sans sheriff 12oz Senior Member

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    sans sheriff - Replied May 8, 2005


    Make that two.
     
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  10. imported_El Mamerro - Replied May 9, 2005

    Bump for Music

    Please review the thread with complimentary audio added to first post.

     
  11. Fondles

    Fondles 12oz Veteran Member

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    Fondles - Replied May 9, 2005

    aaahahaha goddamn that lady looks like a tard
     
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  12. villain

    villain 12oz Veteran Member

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    villain - Replied May 9, 2005

    Fascinating.
    In other news I have debunked the myth of the left sock goblin.
    During a scientific experiment (washing my clothes) I turned the chamber inside the washing machine and lo! There was a sock (however, whether it was a left sock or not cannot be determined at this point) affixed firmly to the wall, previously hidden from my view. I have henceforth determined that the legend of the left sock goblin is an attempt to make sense of a previously inexplicable phenomenon.
     
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  13. heroin dart

    heroin dart 12oz Senior Member

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    heroin dart - Replied May 9, 2005

    nice :haha:
     
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  14. sneak

    sneak Guest

    sneak - Replied May 9, 2005

    i have no idea what that has to do wih Britain.
    id be the worst signer possible...

    well i suppose the middle finger means the same to everyone.
     
  15. test pattern

    test pattern 12oz Elite Member

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    test pattern - Replied May 9, 2005

    that soundtrack was fucking killer
     
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